1. In what country is a coin, hidden in a special dish, a symbol of luck in the coming year? - In China. (In China, families stay up till midnight to eat a special kind of dumpling. The dumplings are boiled and served just after midnight. A coin is hidden in one of the dumplings. The person who finds or bites the coin will be the luckiest one in the New Year.)
2. What plants symbolize longevity and prosperity? - These plants are pine and bamboo. (In Japan, people decorate the doors of their houses with pine branches and bamboo, which symbolize long life (долгую жизнь) and wealth (богатство, изобилие), это то же самое, что longevity (долголетие) and prosperity (процветание) .)
3. Why is New Year’s Eve called Sylvester? - It is named after a pope from the 4th century. (In Germany, New Year’s Eve is called « Sylvester» and is named after a pope from the 4th century.)
4. Why do they eat 12 grapes in Spain, when the clock strikes midnight? - Because it is supposed to bring good luck for the 12 months ahead. (In Spain, when the clock strikes midnight, it is the custom to eat 12 grapes, one with every chime, to bring good luck for the 12 months ahead.)
В скобках цитаты из текста, по ним легко проверить ответы на вопросы.