Ответы и объяснения

2014-04-14T19:46:53+04:00
Konstantin Stanislavsky was born in 1863 in the month of January the 5th of the old style and the new - 17th , in Moscow, in a large well-known merchant family Alexeyev , a relative of former Mamontov and Tretyakov . His father - Sergey Alekseev - was quite a wealthy merchant. Mother - Elizabeth V. (nee Yakovleva ) - half French , grandmother Stanislavski maternal actress was known in Paris at the time .
The family Alekseevs interested in theater, in their Moscow home was rebuilt one of the rooms specifically for theater performances, was the estate of Alexeyev , Ljubimovke , theater outbuilding. Constantine first time and came to the home scene in 1877.
Education Stanislavsky received first in high school , which operated at the Lazarev Institute of Oriental Languages ​​, which in 1881 and graduated . Later Konstantin worked hard vocals and plastics with the best teachers , studied performing arts at the examples of famous actors of the Maly Theater . Constantine participated in amateur theatricals , preparing for an opera career and studied singing at the very Kommissarzhevskaya , with whom he founded and in Moscow in 1888 "Society of Art and Literature ." And soon became a director Stanislavsky performances that suit this society .
Stanislavski , together with the playwright Vladimir Nemirovich -Danchenko, founded in 1898 by the famous Moscow Art Theatre . Artists who came to the troupe , were among those fans who were among the students Nemirovich- Danchenko and has worked under the direction of Stanislavsky . New Theatre staged as a premiere at the opening of his play " Tsar Fyodor Ivanovich, " written by Count Alexei Konstantinovich Tolstoy. During the first two years the theater had a pretty average success. New Era for MHTa began only in 1900 after a trip across the troupe in Sevastopol and Yalta, where they introduced the patient while Anton Chekhov with his performances. That partnership with Maxim Gorky Theatre ( Gorky Peshkov ) and Anton Chekhov, and identified further MHTa character . Soon followed the success of the theater on tour in Austria and Germany. It exceeded all expectations : the German press to put artists MHTa height of the first theater company in Europe and mainly praised director of theater, Vladimir Nemirovich -Danchenko and talent theater director Konstantin Stanislavsky .
In the 1900s, Stanislavski began to develop his famous doctrine of the work of the actors , which later became known worldwide as " Stanislavsky system ." So in 1912 he shared with Leopold Antonovich Sulerzhitsky organized 1st Studio at MHTe , which led to his teaching system.
In 1917 Stanislavsky received an honorary academician of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences . Stanislavski in 1918 led the opera studio at the Bolshoi Theater , which grew later in the Opera theater studio , and still later became the Opera House , which bore the name of Stanislavsky (later it was transformed into musical theater , named the Stanislavsky and Nemirovich -Danchenko ) .
In the period 1922-1923 Stanislavsky 's traveled with the troupe MHTa on tour in the United States. Several actors during their tour this decided not to return to the Soviet Union and remained abroad . They have become active promoters of " Stanislavsky Method " in America and Europe . During this stay in the U.S. Stanislavski was commissioned to write a book about my school is the result of this order was the first book printed in the United States a great director , " My Life in Art ." It was later published in the USSR . Stanislavsky Opera and created a drama studio in 1935. In 1936, he finally was awarded the title of People's Artist of the Soviet Union .
Konstantin Stanislavsky died in Moscow in 1938, the 7th of August. Russian actor, director, theater theorist , teacher and creator of a new system of acting , which the whole world calls " Stanislavsky System " , was buried at Novodevichy Cemetery.