The world's first cinema session held December 28, 1895 in Paris. " Moving pictures " - the invention of the Lumiere brothers - was a great success . Now it seems that the movie is not unusual , so simple. But to come up with this simple way to display reality humankind was able only at the turn of the XX century . Neither kind of art does not have such broad capabilities impact our perception of how the movie : it combines acting, light and color , different plans , composition and music, word , noises and sounds ... This " seventh art " , as they call cinema absorbed the experience of all the other six arts , because cinema achievements associated with the development of technology. Cinema - the brainchild of technological progress. Can we now compare contemporary films with the first steps of silent movies ? But since the invention of cinema was not so much time ... In the spring of 1896 in Russia , a demonstration of the new invention - in St. Petersburg , in the "Aquarium" , and in Moscow Operetta Theater . In the entertainment business , " cinematography " shown as a technical attraction , along with the other rooms of variety performance. Demonstrated his short films, brought from Paris, who were only 10 - 15 minutes. Aroused the interest of spectators is not the content of the pictures , and the extraordinary sight of "living pictures." At the end of last year and early this century cinema is gradually becoming a way of life and becoming one of the most popular shows. Since 1903, in the big cities there are special " Electro " for showing films . This gave rise to the production of new paintings. Now it was impossible to go on repeating the same program update required repertoire. Owning a new entertainment enterprises unprofitable to acquire the ownership of the films , since a few days after the show , they lose value for the enterprise , but they could be successfully demonstrated in another. So the idea of rolled films. Initially, the program consisted of five to ten short films. In content they can be divided into two groups : films on real events ( life of different peoples , paintings of nature , politics , science experiments ) , and entertaining films that demonstrated a circus and cabaret . At first it was just a simple fix submission actors. Further development led to the emergence of cinema films , specially designed for the screen. The first films were given limited " silent " movie. They had a lot of tricks , the plot developed in action. Amused spectator fights , falls, often rude jokes . "Stars" screen addicted exaggerated facial expressions , grimacing comedians , beat the dishes. All this primitive cultivated humor . The creators of the first films were of the main provisions of theatrical art. The film is divided into several episodes that were shot with a single fixed point. Actors played the same way as on the stage , but much gesticulating and gave special expressive face to make up for the absence of speech in silent films . However, already at this time beginning to be applied nature photography , and it displays the action beyond the theatrical scenery and related conventions. But here , in the open air , the actors behave as artificial as well as on the stage floor .