1. When we want to buy some goods, we go to
the shop where it is sold. Before going shopping we make a list of items that
we require. We can go to a big department store which sells a variety of goods
and has a large selection, to a supermarket or to one of the numerous small
retail shops.

2. Ham, bacon, sugar, tea, coffee, salt,
pepper and so on are sold at the grocer's. Bread is sold at the baker's, meat
at the butcher's, vegetables at the greengrocer's, and fruit at the
fruiterer's. We go to the confectioner's for cakes and sweets.

We buy clothes at the men's and boys' or
ladies' and girls' outfitter's. When we want to buy boots and shoes we go to
the boot and shoe shop. To buy silver and gold jewellery or gold watches we go
to the jeweller's. We buy books at the bookseller's. People like to buy
brand-new goods.

3. Supermarkets are very popular with
shoppers because they sell not only food, but also ready-made clothes, hosiery
(socks, stockings, tights), toys and other goods.

Wholesalers sell to the shops and stores, and
the retailers sell to the customers who purchase or buy. Second-hand shops sell
second-hand goods.

The shoppers may pay for something by cheque,
in cash or buy it on "hire purchase". To do this, they pay a deposit
and then weekly or monthly installments according to the terms.

4. Behind the counter, ready to serve you is
the shopkeeper, or shop-assistant or salesman (salesgirl). They put your money
in a cash register, give you a receipt and your
change, and wrap up the article purchased. You may get some goods free (e.g.
free samples of shampoo, etc.).

In some shops there are no salesmen or
salesgirls, but only cashiers. The customers choose the goods they want and pay
at the cashdesk. These shops are called selfservice shops.

But in selfservice shops there are sometimes
people who do not pay for the things they have taken from the shelves. Security
measures and electronic gadgets are installed to prevent and detect
shop-lifting (stealing). Many stores install camera scanners, which are quite

5. Many women prefer to shop in the market
where goods are usually cheaper. The owners of the stalls or barrows do not
have such large expenses as a shop owner. There we see people with
carrier-bags, baskets, parcels, and as well as with the caddies.

6. People who cannot afford the things they
want (e.g. haven't got money to be blown on something expensive), or who haven't enough
money in the household budget, go window-shopping. Some people simply enjoy it
and spend their spare time window-shopping.
Sometimes, however, people have to
dig into their pockets to buy the thing they like best.

7. When we buy something, we pay for it with
money-banknote or coins. Cheques, bankers’ cards and credit cards are being
used increasingly and it is possible to imagine a world where 'money' in the
form of coins and paper currency will no longer be used. Even today, in the
United States, many places – especially filling stations – will
not accept cash at night for security reasons.


Ответы и объяснения

Магазины и шоппинг
1. Когда мы хотим купить что-либо, то мы идём в магазин, в котором это продаётся. Перед тем, как пойти на шоппинг, мы составляем список вещей, которые нам нужны. Мы можем пойти в универмаг, в котором продаётся множество вещей, а также имеется большой выбор, в супермаркет или в один из многочисленных маленьких розничных магазинов.
2. Ветчина, бекон, сахар, чай, кофе, соль, перец и прочее продаётся в бакалее. Хлеб продаётся в булочной, мясо в мясной давке, овощи - в зеленной лавке и фрукты во фруктовой. Мы идём в кондитерскую за тортами и конфетами.
Мы покупаем одежду в мужском и подростковом или женском и подростковом отделах. Когда мы хотим купить ботинки и туфли, мы идём в обувной магазин. Покупать серебряные и золотые украшения или золотые часы мы идём в ювелирный. Мы покупаем книги в книжном магазине. Люди любят покупать брендовые вещи.
3. Супермаркеты очень популярны среди покупателей, потому что в них продаётся не только еда, но также и готовые вещи, чулочные изделия (носки, чулки, колготки), игрушки и другие товары.

Извините, мне пора уходить :)