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The American home.
American apartments are usually described as one-bedroom (studio apartments), two-bedroom or three-bedroom apartments. Two- and three-bedroom apartments usually havea connecting living-room; frequently they have two bathrooms. Virtually all apartments havebuilt-in closets with doors, which are used instead of wardrobes. Frequently apartmentsare without lights but have several outlets for tables or floor lamps. The walls are oftenpainted rather than wall-papered. The entrance generally is directly into the living roomarea; halls are rarely in evidence. Floors are generally covered with wall-to-wall carpeting.Apartment buildings usually have laundry facilities on the ground floor. Almost allapartments have refrigerators, most people now use microwave ovens which provide veryconvenient and fast cooking. Most apartments and houses have central thermostat whichregulate the temperature.
There are two types of apartments: a rented apartment and a condominium, which anindividual owns rather than rents. In addition there are town-houses which are joint housesor apartments in a compact planned group in a town. Town-houses can be purchased orrented. Rented apartments can range from a few hundred to thousands of dollars permonth. The purchase price of condominiums and town-houses can range from thirtythousand to hundreds of thousands of dollars.
In the US the historical preference since the 1950's has been for people to purchase theirown houses in the suburbs rather than in central areas of the cities. Private houses are themost expensive. Real estate firms advertise lands, houses and apartments and provide amarket for buyers and sellers. The cost of private houses has escalated sharply in recentyears and consequently people have sought to buy town houses and condominiums whichgenerally are cheaper.
A mobile home is the cheapest form of housing that can be purchased. Mobile homes canbe moved from place to place by trucks. Mobile homes are located in special mobilehome parks, which are sometimes called mobile villages. They are usually on the outskirtsof cities. Retired people and young people with low income reside in mobile homes whichcan be purchased or rented.