A study comparing British and German approaches to man­agement has revealed the deep gulf which
separates managerial behaviour
many German and British companies. The gap is so fundamental, especially among middle
managers, that it can pose severe prob­lems
for companies from the two countries
which either merge or collaborate.
The findings are from a study called
“Managing in Britain
and Germany”
carried out by
a team of German and
British academics from Mannheim University and Templeton
College, Oxford.

The differences are shown most clearly in the contrasting attitudes of many Germans and Britons to managerial
expertise and authority, according to the
academics. This schism results, in
turn, from the very different levels
of quali­fication, and sorts of career paths,
which are typical in the two

German managers – both top and middle - consider technical skill to be the most important aspect of their jobs, according to the study. It adds that German managers consider they earn their authority with col­leagues
and subordinates from this “expert
knowledge” rather than from their
position in the organisational hierarchy.

sharp contrast, British middle managers see them­selves as executives first and technicians second. As a result, German middle man­agers may find that the
only people within their British partner companies who are capable of helping
them solve routine problems are technical specialists who do not have
management rank. Such an approach is bound to raise status problems in due

Other practical results of these differences include
a greater tendency of British middle managers to regard the design of their
departments as their own responsibility, and to reorganise them more frequently
than happens in Germany.
middle managers
can have “major problems in dealing with
this”, the academics point out, since British middle managers also
change their jobs more often. As a result, UK
often undergo “more or
less constant change”.
Of the thirty British mid­dle managers in the study, thirteen had held their cur­rent job for less than two years, compared with only three in Germany.
Many of
the Britons had
also moved between unrelated depart­ments or functional areas, for example from
marketing to human resources. In con­trast,
all but one of the Germans had stayed
in the same functional area. Twenty of them had occupied their current positions
for five years or more, compared
with only five of the

The researchers almost certainly exaggerate the strengths of the German
its very stability helps to create the rigid atti­tudes which stop many German companies from adjusting to external change. But the authors
of the
report are correct about the drawbacks of the more unstable and less technical­ly oriented British
pattern. And they are right in con­cluding that the two coun­tries do not merely have
different career systems but also, in effect, different ways of doing business.


Ответы и объяснения

  • Участник Знаний
Исследование по сопоставлению английских и немецких подходов к управлению выявил глубокую пропасть, которая отделяет управленческую поведение во многих немецких и британских компаний. Разрыв настолько фундаментальна, особенно среди середине менеджеры, что он может представлять серьезную неполадку для компаний из двух стран которые либо объединить или сотрудничать. Заключения от изучения под названием "Управление в Великобритании и Германии" осуществляется командой Германии и Британские ученые из Мангейма университета и Templeton Колледж, Оксфорд.