UK public administration Over half a million men and women are employed in the huge number of offices.
The employees are not changed with governments, but serve ministers from any political parties in power.
There are different grades in the Civil Service.
The lowest grade is composed of the clerks and typists who deal with letters, or prepare the information required for their seniors or of members of the public.
In charge of them in the next, higher rank, are the men and women in the Executive Grade.
Their duty is to carry out the details of legislation.
The highest grade of all represents the Administrative Grade composed of the chief officials who advise the Minister in charge of a department and decide how laws will be implemented.