text and choose the best options to fill in the gaps.
December 1948, the United Nations
General Assembly adopted the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights, which has become
a (1) ... standard for defending and promoting
human rights. Every year on 10 December, Human
Rights Day marks the adoption of the Universal
Declaration which states that "Human beings
are born with (2) ... rights and fundamental
In 2006, Human Rights Day focused on (3) ...
poverty as a matter of obligation, not of charity.
Poverty is (4) ... by human rights violations. The
links between human rights and poverty should be
obvious: people whose rights are (5) ... are more
likely to be poor. Generally they find it harder
or impossible to participate in the labour market
and have little or no access to (6) ... services and
resources. Meanwhile, the poor in many societies
cannot enjoy their rights to education, health
and housing simply (7) ... they cannot afford
them. And poverty affects all human rights: for
example, low income can prevent people from
accessing education, which in turn inhibits their
participation in public life and their ability to
influence the policies affecting them.
Governments and those in a position of
authority must (8) ... responsibility for dealing
(9) ... poverty. The realisation of human rights —
including the fight against poverty — is a duty,
not a mere aspiration.
1 A whole В universal С complete D typical
2 A similar В same С equal D identical
3 A fighting В saving С encouraging D breaking
4 A caused в led с resulted D made
5 A lessened в broken с decreased D neglected
6 A simple в basic с unimportant D extra
7 A so that в but с because D as
8 A make в support с take D contribute
9 A on в about с over D with