Ответы и объяснения

Lords originated in the XIV century and at that time consisted exclusively of the great feudal lords - Peers (born peers), titles that originally could only be transferred by inheritance, but it received its name only in 1544 , when it had significantly more power than elected House of Commons . In 1649, the upper house was abolished by the revolutionary government that came to power during the English Civil War, but restored in 1660. Since the XIX century, the powers of the upper chamber gradually restricted , and it is now weaker than the elected part.