Isaac Ilyich Levitan, the great Russian artist, became the first
painter of the Russian scenery, who revealed all its beauty. He is a
real poet of the Russian countryside. He continued and developed the
traditions of painters of the Russian realistic school — Savrasov,
Polenov, Serov. Levitan found significant meaning and poetry in what
would seem the most everyday subjects.
He is a very individual sort of painter. You can't but appreciate his
paintings, because there is something in his landscapes that reflects
our own moods.
He deeply felt what he wished to express and his brush transferred
these feelings to the canvas. It is interesting to note that a master of
landscape, he never introduced figures into it. Though if you look at
the Autumn Day in Sokolniki — everything seems to bring out the
loneliness of the figure in the centre: the trees losing their leaves,
the remote, indifferent sky, the path going off into the distance. But
the fact is that it was not Levitan who painted the figure. It was
Checkov's brother Nicolai who did it.
His travels over the Volga region influenced Levitan's art, the
impression made on him by the great Russian river was unforgettable. For
his life and painting he chose Plyoss — a small beautiful town on the
Volga. His paintings Evening, Golden Plyoss, After Rain reflect his love
Last summer I visited Plyoss and saw the places where the great
pictures were painted. Many people admire his pictures Deep Waters,
Evening Bells, Springtime, The Last Snow and, of course, his famous
Golden Autumn. All his paintings are very emotional, lyrical and
In the closing years of his life Levitan made several journeys abroad
to France, Italy and Germany where he painted a number of landscapes,
although his best works of the period were devoted to Russia. He was
only 40 when he died in 1900.
Levitan's influence on the painters of lyrical landscapes was great.
Levitan's feeling for nature, his great love for his native land, his
ability to reveal and depict the poetry of the Russian land have won his
paintings the love and gratitude of people.