Ответы и объяснения


Karatkievich was born in 1930 in Orsha, Viciebsk region. In 1954, he graduated from the Philological Department of Kiev University and taught first in a village school in the Kiev region of Ukraine and then in his home town, Orsha (Belarus). Later, he completed advanced literature courses (1960), and then cinematography (1962), both in Moscow. Literature then became his main occupation. His first published work was a poem that appeared in 1951, that was later followed by three collections of verse. Later, he turned to prose, and had since published a large number of short stories, in collections entitled Chazenia, The Eye of the Typhoon, From Past Ages, and others. He also wrote the novels Unforgettable and The Dark Castle Olshansky. Probably Karatkievich's most popular work is the novel King Stakh's Wild Hunt. His novels deal predominantly with Belarus's historical past, including the January Uprising 1863 - 1865. Karatkievič also wrote a number of plays, essays, articles, screenplays for short and feature films, and some very interesting detective and adventure stories. Karatkievich's literary works are marked by romanticism, rich imagery, and emotionalism. A recipient of several national literary awards, he has strongly affected the further development of historical themes in Belarusian literature.

Речь идет о Короткевиче Владимере Семенеовиче


Yury Gagarin - Юрий Гагарин

On April 12, 1961, Yury Gagarin made history by being the first human to orbit the earth.

As a precaution, engineers at the Soviet Academy of Sciences had an onboard computer, as well as mission control steer the craft, "Vostok 1". They did this because the feared that being in the weightlessness of space, you might be disabled or not be able to move very much. He wouldn't need any food for his single orbit trip, but scientists wanted to know if he could eat in the weightlessness of space.

Before Gagarin climbed aboard the rocket, he made a speech. His speech said things such as how beautiful a moment this was, to go into space. He was glad to, "meet nature face to face, in an unprecedented encounter."

As Gagarins rocket accelerated towards space, it reached a peak of 5 g's, meaning Gagarin felt five times heavier that his normal weight.

As Gagarin passed through the lower atmosphere, the nose pointed canopy separated, exposing the "Vostok 1" capsule, allowing Gagarin to see the dark blue sky turn into a black space as he was shot into orbit, around the earth.

14 minutes after liftoff, Gagarin reported," Separation from the carrier rocket completed" Gagarin tested his food and water samples. He reported no side effects to the weightlessness. As Gagarin passed over the Atlantic, he thought of his mother and how she would react to the news of the first space flight... especially since her son was the one up there flying it. She was unaware about Gagarin being involved in space exploration until the news broke.

At about 10:15 a. m., just after Gagarin started passing over Africa, the autopilot turned "Vostok 1" around and fired the rocket, which would take Vostok 1 out of orbit. This was a very suspenseful and nervous time for Yury Gagarin and mission control, for two out of the five test flights, the rockets did not fire correctly and the flights ended in failure.

Luckily, this time, it worked correctly and Vostok 1 came out of orbit and was slowed down by 350 miles per hour. As the capsule came out of orbit, the equipment section was dropped, because it was no longer needed. Now all that was left of the 125-ft. rocket, launched just over an hour ago, was a 7 1/2-ft diameter capsule. As it fell 17,000 mph. towards earth, Gagarin experienced 10 gs, and felt like a 1,500-pound brick falling from the sky.

With a flight time of about 1 hour and 48 min., Gagarin landed safely in Siberia.

Years later, Gagarin was tragically killed in a test plane crash.