Kursk population of 450 thousand people. The town is approximately a thousand years (the first historical mention). However, there is every reason to believe that our ancient "governor" over. In the "Life of St. Theodosius Pechersky" reported that in Kursk in the 30s XI century mansions were "lord", settlement, two churches, a school, commercial and retail establishments, that is, by the time the city had already existed.
At the end of the XI century, Kursk became the center of an independent principality, which has played an important role in protecting the south-eastern borders of Kievan Rus. In the XVI - XVIII century, it forms part of the kingdom.
Kursk had the difficult and dramatic fate - he survived dashing the Tatar-Mongol invasion, at different times our ancestors had to defend themselves against the Kipchaks, Crimean Tatars, Lithuanians, Poles. In the State of local lore museum exhibited a schematic drawing (outline) of Kursk fortress, as it was in 1722, captured by hand Michael Zolotilova. Fortress of Tuskar and Kurom plank was surrounded by walls and towers - loopholes. Now here are the Sign Monastery, Electric Apparatus Factory and Museum.
Archival documents take us to 1779, when the Kursk was the center of the vast province, with an area equal to several Western European countries. His appearance has changed dramatically in accordance with the master plan, the highest approved by Catherine the Great. Still remain at home who witnessed the comings august personages - Catherine II, Nicholas I, Alexander II, Nicholas II. The last Russian Emperor a parade of Russian troops who took part in the grand-scale military exercises held in the vicinity of the Kursk in August-September 1902.