Ответы и объяснения


The Olympic Games have a long history. Homeland competition is Ancient Greece. At the foot of Mount Kronos in the valley of the river Alpheus ancient walls just above the remains of the sacred Olympic cell. Olympia - it's now a town with a population of twenty centuries of neglect. The first Olympic Games lasted one day later - five. Spectators could only be male. Women are not allowed because of their bespravne position in the slave society. In addition, men competed completely naked. Watch the games allowed strangers sometimes - even slaves. Managed competition committee from among prominent citizens. Under his supervision for 30 days before the Games were training participants. The Committee held refereeing, declared winners, watched the execution of rules and preserving the sacred peace.

By the XIV Olympiad participants competed only in the race to stage (192.27 meters). The track was strewn with chvertmetrovym layer of sand, members of the group and ran barefoot. At the XIV Olympic race entered into two stages, the next - already at 12. Subsequently, and this distance doubled, bringing to 4.6 km. Running was the main discipline of training soldiers because of what became chief at the Games. In the results was taken into consideration especially speed. But the Greeks valued and agility, muscle strength and hand dexterity and fighter. Therefore, at the XVIII Olympiad entered "Pentathlon" - combined competitions run, long jump, discus, javelin and wrestling. With the development of the Olympic movement program Igor changed. Thus, the XXIII Olympiad "introduced navkulachky battle at HHU - racing chariots pulled by four. Then came" running battle "with a shield, sword and helmet, five kinds of competitions for chariots. XXXIII Since a part of the Olympics became Pankraty - wrestling combined with fist fight, during which allowed all the techniques and attacks that are possible only in the struggle between unarmed within the competition.

Before Igor members were sworn in, assuring that respect the rules and compete fairly and that they do not mired in life. The last requirement in our time is not restored. Greeks gave it an exceptional value. For the Olympics Greeks delayed the war, and in